Although they are not often discussed

Although they are not often discussed, gets as much as half of the population once suffering from this painful ailment. Hard pressing, but also overweight or a pregnancy hemorrhoids may result. What are they exactly?

In the transition sit erectile tissues of the rectum at the anus. These erectile tissues consist of spongy tissue with blood vessels, covered with a layer of mucosa. They help the sphincter to properly close the intestinal output, so that no gas or moisture can escape.

Although they are very useful, the erectile tissue and their blood vessels can also cause a lot of discomfort. If they swell too much, you will suffer from hemorrhoids or in medical terms hemorrhoids. Being a kind of varicose veins , but then in the rectum.

Internally or externally

Hemorrhoids can occur both internally and externally. If they only be localized in the intestinal tract itself, we speak of internal hemorrhoids. These are not visible and do not need to be painful, but they can bleed.

Hemorrhoids swell further and bags them, they protrude beyond the sphincter.This is called external hemorrhoids. You feel a lump sit. An outward sagging hemorrhoid will initially automatically back. In a later stage, you have to push it back to the inside.


In addition to a division into internal and external, there is also a classification in terms of development stages:

  • Stage 1: Internal hemorrhoid is bleeding and stool lined sands. At this stage, symptoms include itching and pain during and after toileting.
  • Stage 2: The hemorrhoid comes with stool to go outside, but will then automatically return to the gut again. The itching, burning, sensitivity to take at this stage.
  • Stage 3: The hemorrhoid is so swollen that it falls outside the anus and no longer naturally in the gut goes. You can push him back, but it hurts. At this stage you are constantly feel the swelling.
  • Stage 4: The hemorrhoid hanging out, can not be pushed back more and does very much. Seating is tricky.


How do you know you have hemorrhoids? Hemorrhoids can itch, ache and give a burning sensation. Sands is hard stool or toilet paper along, they bleed. You see bright red blood on the paper or in the toilet bowl.

Is the hemorrhoid sphincter in the way, then close it no longer tightly bowel output, thus losing your stool, blood and mucus. This may aggravate the pruritus and pain.

If the hemorrhoid larger and squeezes the blood vessels off the sphincter, the hemorrhoid swells further and he will increasingly hurt and bleed easily.

To the doctor

Hemorrhoids are not dangerous, but obviously annoying. There are several options for her treatment , so stay not walk around with it. The cause of blood out of the anus can moreover also be less harmless. Is there blood in your stool you, but you do not know for sure if your hemorrhoids, go to the doctor.

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